header eures

Условия на живот и труд

Austria

GENERAL INFORMATION

Area - 83 871 sq. km

Population – 8 298 923

Official Language – German

REGISTRATION AND RESIDENCE PERMITS

Within three days of moving into your flat, house or room in Austria, you must register with the relevant authority.

The relevant authorities are:

  • the registration service (Meldeservice) of the local council offices (Gemeindeamt) or municipal district offices (Magistrat) (in towns);
  • in Vienna: the registration service of the municipal district offices (Magistratisches Bezirksamt)

You must bring the following documents with you:

  • one completed residence registration form (Meldezettel) per person: available from the relevant registration authorities, from some tobacconists’ shops and online;
    • passport, birth certificate;
    • residence registration forms for all other places of residence.

The completed Meldezettel must be signed by the person providing the accommodation and by the person living in the accommodation (meldepflichtige Person/person obliged to register).

EU/EEA citizens and Swiss nationals and their families (with EU/EEA citizenship/Swiss citizenship) do not require a visa to enter Austria or a residence permit to take up residence; they are exempted from visa requirements and are free to settle where they please. This means you may stay in Austria for up to three months without any further formalities, although you must be in possession of a valid passport or identity card. If you wish to stay longer in Austria, however, you must have health insurance and sufficient funds to support yourself and your relatives, and be able to demonstrate that you are in employment, are self-employed or are undergoing training in Austria. You must register with the competent authorities (Aufenthaltsbehörde) within four months of arriving in Austria.  The authority issues a ‘right of residence document’ (Anmeldebescheinigung). Citizens of EU/EEA countries may in addition apply for a ‘Lichtbildausweis für EWR-Bürger’ (official identification with photo for EEA citizens) from the authorities. The Lichtbildausweis counts as proof of identity.

The issuing authority is:

  • the competent district authority (Bezirkshauptmannschaft)
  • the competent department of the town or city authority (Magistratsabteilung)
  • in Vienna: MA 35 (Magistratsabteilung 35).

Special arrangements apply to ‘privileged third-country nationals’, i.e. dependants of nationals of EU/EEA countries and Switzerland who do not themselves possess EU/EEA/Swiss citizenship.

LOOKING FOR A JOB

You can find out about job vacancies from the job adverts in newspapers (e.g. in the weekend editions), through the Austrian Public Employment Service (Arbeitsmarktservice - AMS), through private employment agencies and through offers posted on the Internet (recruitment bureaux). ‘Word of mouth’ is also important: ask friends, relatives and neighbours. You can also obtain information on Austrian job vacancies through the EURES network via your country’s employment service.

More than 1 000 specially trained EURES advisers work in the employment services of all EU/EEA countries and in Switzerland helping jobseekers find a job in another EU/EEA country.

Management personnel are recruited from other firms, either directly or through recruitment bureaux. In many cases, however, you still have to apply directly to the firm in question.

Digital applications/Online personal forms:

A lot of companies ask for online applications. Fill in the online personal form and, if possible, upload your CV, application and certificates.

Online job boards

Do not confine yourself to advertisements in newspapers when looking for a job. Online job boards are a useful addition. They not only publish job vacancies but allow you to add your profile and receive an email notification when an advertisement is placed on the board which fits your profile.

eJob-Room of the Austrian Public Employment Service (AMS):

This service is available to people registered with the AMS and to other interested parties. It provides an overview of all the job vacancies reported to the AMS in Austria and other EEA countries.

You can also register in the eJobRoom if you have not yet moved to Austria.

Registered users can also publish their job application in the eJobRoom.

Before you send off the application documents, you should first contact potential employers by telephone and/or by email and ask whether the job/position advertised is still available. It is also common practice to send out applications when no job vacancy within a company has been advertised. This is known as applying speculatively or ‘on spec’.

If you have agreed an interview date by telephone, in person or by email, take along a curriculum vitae, references and confirmation of past employment.

INCOME AND TAXATION

The average annual gross income of employed workers in full employment in Austria in 2017 was EUR 27 545. Average annual net income was EUR 20 821. Average income was lowest in the Tyrol and highest in Lower Austria.

Female employed workers continued to earn considerably less than their male colleagues in 2017. Their median net income was only 62.7% of the male income.

Information on average annual net income broken down by occupations may be found at:http://www.statistik.at

The economic sectors with the most employees in 2018 are as follows:  1. Manufacturing; 2. Public administration and defence, compulsory social security; 3. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; 4. Construction; 5. Human health and social work activities; 6. Business support services; 7. Transportation and storage; 8. Accommodation and food service activities; 9. Professional, scientific and technical activities; 10. Financial and insurance activities; 11. Education.

Income tax: The Income Tax Act (Einkommensteuergesetz) lists particular types of income: income from agriculture and forestry, from selfemployed work, from trade and craft activities, from employment, from capital assets, from rents and leases, and so on. In Austria there is a six-level progressive scale of income tax (from 0 to 55%). Income tax on earnings from employment is also called Lohnsteuer (wage tax). The level of income tax depends on the taxable income received in a calendar year. The calendar year is the same as the business year and comprises a period of twelve months.

Wage tax is deducted from wages or salaries at source together with social insurance contributions and is transferred by the employer to the competent offices (Quellensteuer - withholding tax). The tax withheld is a prepayment on the annual tax due, which is only finally settled with the annual tax assessment (Arbeitnehmerveranlagung). To provide relief, various deductible amounts can be offset against income tax, depending on circumstances, e.g. sole breadwinner’s allowance, single parent’s allowance and lump sums, allowances and special expenses, for example children’s allowance, family bonus, advertising costs, business travel expenses and second-home expenses etc., and extraordinary expenses such as hospital charges. Childcare costs such as expenditure on afternoon care (Nachmittagsbetreuung) outside school, are tax-deductible.

The tax return must be submitted and the issuing of a tax assessment is optional, except in cases where taxpayers are subject to compulsory assessment, as in cases where they have two taxable incomes from employment. In many cases, the tax assessment will result in some of your tax being refunded.

Self-employed persons submit the income tax return and employed persons submit the annual tax assessment.

Social insurance contributions have to be paid by both employees and employers, except for accident insurance, which is only paid by employers. In 2019, the following contribution rates apply equally to employees and employers:

  • health insurance for manual workers, clerical workers, freelance workers and Neue Selbständige - self-employed persons covered by the terms of the Statutory Insurance (Industrial and Commercial Self Employment Act (Gewerbliches Sozialversicherungsgesetz - GSVG): 7.65%
  • accident insurance for manual workers, clerical workers and freelancers: 1.20%, new self-employed workers: flat-rate fixed amount: EUR 9.79 per month
  • unemployment insurance for manual workers, clerical workers and freelancers: 6%
  • pension insurance for manual workers, clerical workers and freelancers: 22.8% pension insurance for persons covered by the GSVG (Neue Selbständige): 18.5%

In addition, employees and freelance workers pay 0.5% of their gross earnings for the Chamber of Labour contribution. Employees pay an additional 1%. For employees only, there may also be trade union dues and church tax (contribution to a religious community, which is deducted directly from pay).

Other taxes:

Land-transfer tax, property tax, tax on gains from property transactions, road tax, which is a vehicle-registration tax based on engine capacity, capital gains tax etc., value added tax (VAT), which is an indirect tax on the purchase of a product or service by the final consumer (current rates are 10%, 13% and 20%), corporation tax, which is payable at the rate of 27.5% by legal entities (e.g. companies) instead of income tax, municipal tax, which is payable by businesses to the municipality in which they are located (3% of taxable income), VAT, which is payable at the rate of 10%, 13% or 20% by business owners whose annual turnover exceeds EUR 30 000.

Further information on the various taxes can be obtained from the Tax Office and from the Federal Ministry of Finance. All taxes are payable to the competent Tax Office.

Austria has concluded double-taxation agreements with all EU/EEA Member States, Switzerland and many other countries. N.B.: Tax assessments, income tax returns and the payment of other taxes are subject to specific deadlines.

A number of special rules apply to cross-border workers.

LIVING CONDITIONS

Cost of living

According to the 2014/2015 consumer survey, Austrians spent on average, per head (of the adult population) and per household, amongst other things, 1.1% of their income on education, 1.5% on communications, 2.3% on alcoholic beverages and tobacco products, 3.8% on health, 6.9% in cafés/restaurants/hotels, 4.9% on clothing and footwear, 7% on household goods and furnishings, 9% on other expenses, 11.5% on leisure, sport and hobbies, 11.8% on food and non-alcoholic beverages, 14.2% on transport and 26.1% on housing and energy. Monthly household expenditure is highest in Carinthia and lowest in Burgenland.

Values in 2019 (indicative only)

One litre of milk from EUR 0.99, one kilogram of wheat and rye bread from EUR 1.49, 500 grams of wholegrain bread from EUR 0.75, one kilogram of sugar from EUR 0.89, one kilogram of flour from EUR 0.45, one kilogram of apples from EUR 1.99, 1.5 litres of mineral water from EUR 0.25, 1.5 litres of orange nectar from EUR 0.99, 250 grams of butter from EUR 1.99, half a litre of beer from EUR 0.45, 500 grams of coffee from EUR 2.19, one litre of wine from EUR 2.49, one cinema ticket from EUR 6 to EUR 10, a newspaper on average EUR 1.20, public transport (single trip in a capital city) from EUR 1.00 to EUR 2.70, one litre of petrol (normal) from EUR 1.134 in December 2018, one litre of diesel from EUR 1.044 in December 2018, a T-shirt from EUR 10 on average, depending on quality, one pair of jeans from EUR 30 on average, depending on quality, 1 kWh of gas: from EUR 0.05, 1 kWh of electricity: from EUR 0.17

Energy costs (gas and electricity), housing costs and the cost of petrol, diesel and heating oil have risen in recent years; the cost of leisure, hobbies and sport and housing and energy is relatively high compared with the EU average.

For more information:

Comparative price levels:

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=1&language=de&pcode=tec00120

EDUCATION SYSTEM

Very young and pre-school children are taken care of in crèches (Kinderkrippen), in nurseries (Kindergärten) and in 'children's groups' (Kindergruppen) from three to six years of age and pre-school classes. Very young children – from the age of two on average - are also looked after in very small groups by child minders (Tageseltern), especially in small towns and rural areas.

Schooling is compulsory for nine years in Austria, from the ages of 6 to 15 (grades 19). The first four years of compulsory education are completed in primary schools (Volksschule); from the age of 10, children can attend either a new middle school (Neue Mittelschule/Hauptschule) or the lower years of a higher general secondary school (allgemeinbildende höhere Schule (AHS), also called Gymnasium). There are also special schools for children in greater need of support (severe learning difficulties, sensory disabilities, etc.) for the first eight to nine years of their school education (e.g. special-needs schools (Sonderschulen) and centres for special education (Sonderpädagogische Zentren). In many cases, however, these children are also educated alongside others in what are known as integration classes.

The ninth school year (ages 14-15) can be completed at a ‘polytechnical school’ (Polytechnische Schule) – a school emphasising vocational orientation and preparation for an apprenticeship (basic vocational training) – or in other types of school.

Children whose mother tongue is not German have the opportunity to learn German in schools.

From July 2017, compulsory training up to 18 shall apply to all young people who complete compulsory schooling in the academic year 2016/2017 or afterwards.

Parents and guardians must ensure that young people receive further training after having completed compulsory education up to the age of 18. They have the choice of attending an upper-secondary school, completing an apprenticeship, or undertaking some other form of training, an internship.

Other types of school: Intermediate vocational schools (from age 14, grade 9, 11 or 12) finish with a professional examination; higher vocational schools (from age 14, grades 913) finish with a professional examination and the Matura (final school examination).

Higher general secondary schools and upperlevel secondary schools (from age 14, grades 912) also finish with the Matura (final school examination).

Training for around 200 trades can be obtained in basic vocational training (apprenticeships) from the age of 15. Most apprenticeship courses last between three and four years. The trade is learned on the job and at the vocational school simultaneously. After the apprenticeship period, the young person (apprentice) passes a final apprenticeship examination and thus becomes a skilled technician or tradesman (Geselle/Gesellin, or journeyman).

The Matura (final school examination) is the prerequisite for higher education (university, academy, technical university). Qualified school-leavers from intermediate vocational schools or qualified apprentices can prepare for university entrance by way of the vocational qualifying examination (Berufsreifeprüfung or Berufsmatura).

Qualified school-leavers from new middle schools (Neue Mittelschulen) or pupils with work experience who have dropped out can enter higher education by means of the university-entrance qualification exam (Studienberechtigungsprüfung). In Austria there is a variety of course options in technical studies, humanities, arts and other fields of study.

Technical universities offer practical training, facilitating direct access into professional life. Colleges of education (pädagogische Hochschulen) train teachers for primary schools, secondary schools, special schools and polytechnical schools.

In Austria there are also general and vocational colleges and technical universities and university courses for working people which are offered primarily as evening classes.

Private schools in Austria account for about eight per cent of the total number. Most publicly accredited private schools are denominational schools. There are also some schools that are not publicly accredited and teach according to a particular school system that is not officially recognised in Austria. Private schools are fee-paying establishments. There are no fees to be paid for state schools! The quality of state schools is high in comparison with some other education systems in Europe.

RECOGNITION OF DIPLOMAS AND QUALIFICATIONS

Obtaining recognition of qualifications and competences can play a vital role in a person’s decision to take up work in another EU country. Unfortunately different education and training systems often make it difficult for employers and institutions to properly assess qualifications.

Recognising professional qualifications

As a basic principle, EU citizens should be able to practise their profession in any other Member State. In reality, differing national requirements block access to certain professions in the host country.

To address these differences, the EU has established a system to recognise professional qualifications. Within this system, a distinction is made between regulated professions (professions for which certain qualifications are legally required) and professions that are not legally regulated in a host Member State.

The European Commission has established a set of instruments to ensure greater transparency and recognition of qualifications, both for academic and professional purposes:

  • The European Qualifications Framework (EQF). The main objective of the framework is to create links between different national qualification systems in order to make it easier to recognise diplomas. Individuals and employers will be able to use the EQF to better understand and compare qualifications attained in different countries. Countries will be able to relate their qualification systems to the EQF – and from 2012 all new qualifications can carry a reference to an EQF level.
  • The National Academic Recognition Information Centres (NARICs). A network of National Academic Recognition Information Centres was established in 1984 at the initiative of the European Commission. The NARICs provide advice on the academic recognition of periods of study abroad. Located in all EU Member States as well as in the countries of the European Economic Area, NARICs play a vital role the process of recognising qualifications.
  • The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). This system aims to make it easier to recognise periods of study abroad. It allows for the transfer of learning between different educational institutions and offers a flexible way to gain a degree.
  • Europass. Europass is an instrument for ensuring the transparency of professional skills. It is composed of five standardised documents: a CV (Curriculum Vitae); a language passport; certificate supplements; diploma supplements; and a Europass-Mobility document. The Europass system makes skills and qualifications clearly and easily understood in different parts of Europe. National Europass centres have been established in every country of the EU and the European Economic Area.
  • The Commission’s Database on regulated professions includes a searchable list of regulated professions in the EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland, plus contact points and information about competent authorities.

USEFUL LINKS

www.migrant.at  Migrants' Portal

www.help.gv.at Portal for Migrants Help

www.ams.at  Public Employment Service Austria

www.sozialversicherung.at Social Security in Austria

www.arbeiterkammer.at Taxation Service

www.bmukk.gv.at/schulen/bw/index.xml Ministry of Education

www.bmwf.gv.at/wissenschaft/international/enic_naric_austria/faq - NARIC

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

     

Brochure for the Social Assistants in Austria (BG):

http://www.oegb.at/cs/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheadername1=content-type&blobheadername2=content-disposition&blobheadervalue1=application%2Fpdf&blobheadervalue2=inline%3B+filename%3D%22Personenbetreuung_-_Bulgarisch.pdf%22&blobkey=id&blobnocache=false&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobwhere=1342609364678&ssbinary=true&site=S06

Brochure for the Vocational Training in Austria (BG):

http://www.oegb.at/cs/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheadername1=content-type&blobheadername2=content-disposition&blobheadervalue1=application%2Fpdf&blobheadervalue2=inline%3B+filename%3D%22Lehrlingsausbildung_und_Ausbildungsgarantie_-_Bulgarisch.pdf%22&blobkey=id&blobnocache=false&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobwhere=1342609364623&ssbinary=true&site=S06

Information about Posting of Working and the EU Legacy:https://www.mlsp.government.bg/ckfinder/userfiles/files/baneri/STSV/Info%20Sheet%20BG.pdf

Useful Information and Contacts in Vienna: https://www.mlsp.government.bg/index.php?section=POLICIESI&I=577&lang

Brochure about the Living and Working Conditions in Austria (2018): https://www.ams.at/content/dam/download/flyer-folder-broschueren/001_leben_und_arbeiten_de.pdf

Получавайте актуална информация свързана с услугите на EURES