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Croatia

GENERAL INFORMATION

Area - 56,594 km2

Population – 4,076,246

Official Language – Croatian

REGISTRATION AND RESIDENCE PERMITS

A citizen of a member state of EEA and Switzerland may stay in the Republic of Croatia for three months provided they have a valid travel document or identity card. In the event of a stay longer than three months, it is necessary to register a temporary stay to the police administration or station according to the place of residence, which immediately issues a certificate on the registration of temporary residence. When registering residence, the person shall be issued a personal identification number (OIB). OIB may also be issued before residence is registered. In that case, a person may request an OIB directly through the relevant Tax Administration office: http://www.porezna-uprava.hr/en/Pages/PIN.aspx.

The right to permanent residence may be exercised after five years of uninterrupted legal stay in the Republic of Croatia.

Temporary residence is approved to third country citizens who intend to reside or reside in the Republic of Croatia for one of the following purposes:

  • family reunification,
  • concluding a life partnership,
  • high school education and studying,
  • research,
  • humanitarian reasons,
  • work,
  • working as a deployed worker,
  • for other purposes.

Applications for temporary residence permits are submitted to the diplomatic mission of the Republic of Croatia when abroad, or to the local police station/authorities in the intended place of residence or work of the non-national, or in the employer's location.

A highly qualified worker from a third country shall submit an application for a residence permit and a work permit to the diplomatic mission of the Republic of Croatia when abroad, or to the local police station/authorities in the place of work/residence. The residence and work permit (“the EU Blue Card”) is issued for a validity period of 2 years only.

LOOKING FOR A JOB

Employers advertise vacant jobs on the website of the Croatian Employment Service, on private portals for job seekers and on private websites. You can also find job advertisements on notice boards, in daily newspapers, professional journals and gazettes, as well as on the websites of professional organisations (chambers, associations). Public sector jobs are always published in the Official Gazette (Narodne novine). In smaller towns, announcements are also made on radio.

Many large employers use online application forms on their own websites to create a database of potential candidates for future job openings. In addition to job advertisements, small private employers use private channels and recommendations to reach the best candidates.

Private agencies for occasional and temporary employment have databases of candidates that can be accessed. Workers sign an employment contract with the agency, which provides workers for employers who have a temporary need for additional workers.

INCOMES AND TAXATION

The applicable tax system of the Republic of Croatia provides for state taxes: income tax,

value added tax, special taxes and excise duties (special motor vehicle tax, coffee and non-alcoholic beverages tax, automotive liability insurance premiums and no-fault vehicle insurance premiums, excise tax system for alcohol, alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, energy and electricity). There are also different types of county, city or municipal, joint (income tax), and gambling taxes.

The general VAT rate in Croatia is 25 %, while for certain products and services lower rates (13 % and 5 %) apply.

Income tax is paid at a rate of 24 % or 36 % on the tax base, depending on the amount of income. There are also contributions for pension insurance (20 %), health insurance (16.5 %) and surtax from 0 to 18 % (depending on the place of residence). Workers have obligatory insurance in case of unemployment and injury at work, paid from the State Budget.

Example of calculation: http://www.rrif.hr/kalkulator_placa.html

Information on tax exemptions and advantages is available on http://ccenterclient.porezna-uprava.hr/.

The average monthly salary in Croatia for October 2018 was HRK 8 462 (net HRK 6 267). Above-average salaries are paid in sectors of air transport, crude oil and natural gas extraction, basic pharmaceutical products and preparations, production of refined petroleum products and financial services.

The lowest salaries were earned in clothing manufacturing, building management and maintenance services, landscaping and conservation, protective and exploration activities, other personal service activities, and the production of leather and related products.

COST OF LIVING

Within the structure of household expenditures in Croatia, food and drink expenditures (excluding alcoholic beverages) account for a third of total expenditure, and with housing costs (15.7 %), they amount to more than half the total living costs. Next are traffic costs (9 %) and clothing and footwear (6 %).

Gasoline: about HRK 9.50 per L (varies depending on the price on the world market)

Electricity: HRK 0.77 per kWh on average

Food prices vary depending on the seasonal offer, the place of purchase (market, supermarket or smaller shops) and special sales. There is a significant difference in prices in different environments. Clothing stores have seasonal discounts from 20 to 70 %; products and services portals may be bought for up to 90 % lower prices on group buying portals. Shopping malls work seven days a week, most often from 9 am to 9 pm, while other stores work from Monday to Saturday, less frequently also on Sundays.

Average food prices

Bread (loaf, approx. 700 g): HRK 7-12 

Milk (litre): HRK 5-8 

Eggs (10): HRK 13-20 

Potato (kilogram): HRK 2-10 

Apples (kilogram): HRK 7-15 

Pizza in a pizzeria: HRK 30-60 

Hamburger: HRK 20-40

Text last edited on: 04/2019

EDUCATION SYSTEM

Preschool education and care for children are a part of the educational system of the Republic of Croatia and are intended for children aged between six months until the time they start primary school. 791 kindergartens (1 008 kindergarten facilities) operate in Croatia, of which 342 are private (223 founded by natural persons, 53 by religious organisations, and 65 by associations).

Primary education lasts for eight years; it begins by enrolment in the first grade of primary school, it is compulsory for all children and usually lasts between the ages of six and fifteen. This applies to all children residing in the Republic of Croatia regardless of their citizenship. The Republic of Croatia has 860 primary schools.

Secondary school education allows everyone to gain knowledge and continue their education after primary education under the same conditions and according to their abilities. Programmes for acquiring secondary general, secondary and lower vocational education provide knowledge and skills for work and continuation of education. Training and specialisation programmes complement the acquired knowledge, qualifications and skills for working in a profession. Secondary school education usually covers the ages from the completion of primary school to reaching adulthood (between 13-15 and 17-19 years).

Depending on the type of curriculum and the programme they provide, secondary schools are called: grammar schools (general or specialised); vocational schools (technical, industrial, craft and other, determined by type of the curriculum), art schools (music, dance, art and other, determined by the type of curriculum). Secondary school education of adults includes special programmes for obtaining secondary or vocational qualifications, lower vocational qualifications, re-training programmes and training and specialisation programmes.

398 high school institutions operate in Croatia.

Higher education activities are performed by tertiary institutions. Tertiary institutions are universities and faculties and art academies they comprise, universities of applied science and colleges of higher education.

University study programmes prepare students for performing activities in science and higher education, in the business world, in the public sector and in society in general. University study programmes have three levels: undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate studies.

Universities of applied science and colleges of higher education are established for the purpose of performing activities of higher education through organisation and performance of professional studies and may carry out professional, scientific and artistic activities in accordance with the Scientific Activity and Higher Education Act and their by-laws.

Professional study programmes provide students with an appropriate level of knowledge and skills that enable them to work in professional occupations and for direct employment. Professional study programmes cover two levels: professional study programme and specialist graduate professional study programme.

There are 119 tertiary institutions in the Republic of Croatia, of which 28 are privately owned.

RECOGNITION OF DIPLOMAS AND QUALIFICATIONS

The importance of transparency and mutual recognition of diplomas as a crucial complement to the free movement of workers

The possibility of obtaining recognition of one’s qualifications and competences can play a vital role in the decision to take up work in another EU country. It is therefore necessary to develop a European system that will guarantee the mutual acceptance of professional competences in different Member States. Only such a system will ensure that a lack of recognition of professional qualifications will become an obstacle to workers’ mobility within the EU.

Main principles for the recognition of professional qualifications in the EU

As a basic principle, any EU citizen should be able to freely practice their profession in any Member State. Unfortunately the practical implementation of this principle is often hindered by national requirements for access to certain professions in the host country.

For the purpose of overcoming these differences, the EU has set up a system for the recognition of professional qualifications. Within the terms of this system, a distinction is made between regulated professions (professions for which certain qualifications are legally required) and professions that are not legally regulated in the host Member State.

Steps towards a transparency of qualifications in Europe

The European Union has taken important steps towards the objective of achieving transparency of qualifications in Europe:
- An increased co-operation in vocational education and training, with the intention to combine all instruments for transparency of certificates and diplomas, in one single, user-friendly tool. This includes, for example, the European CV or Europass Trainings.
- The development of concrete actions in the field of recognition and quality in vocational education and training.

Going beyond the differences in education and training systems throughout the EU

Education and training systems in the EU Member States still show substantial differences. The last enlargements of the EU, with different educational traditions, have further increased this diversity. This calls for a need to set up common rules to guarantee recognition of competences.

In order to overcome this diversity of national qualification standards, educational methods and training structures, the European Commission has put forward a series of instruments, aimed at ensuring better transparency and recognition of qualifications both for academic and professional purposes.

  1. The European Qualifications Framework

The European Qualifications Framework is a key priority for the European Commission in the process of recognition of professional competences. The main objective of the framework is to create links between the different national qualification systems and guarantee a smooth transfer and recognition of diplomas.

  1. The National Academic Recognition Information Centres (NARICs)

A network of National Academic Recognition Information Centres was established in 1984 at the initiative of the European Commission. The NARICs provide advice on the academic recognition of periods of study abroad. Located in all EU Member States as well as in the countries of the European Economic Area, NARICs play a vital role the process of recognition of qualifications in the EU.

  1. The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)

The European Credit Transfer System aims at facilitating the recognition of periods of study abroad. Introduced in 1989, it functions by describing an education programme and attaching credits to its components. It is a key complement to the highly acclaimed student mobility programme Erasmus.

  1. Europass

Europass is an instrument for ensuring the transparency of professional skills. It is composed of five standardised documents

  1. a CV (Curriculum Vitae),
  2. a language passport,
  3. certificate supplements,
  4. diploma supplements, and
  5. a Europass-Mobility document.

The Europass system makes skills and qualifications clearly and easily understood in the different parts of Europe. In every country of the European Union and the European Economic Area, national Europass centres have been established as the primary contact points for people seeking for information about the Europass system.

USEFUL LINKS

Transport prices in Zagreb: http://www.zet.hr/
Transport taxes in Split: http://www.promet-split.hr/
Transport taxes in Osijek: http://www.gpp-osijek.com/
Transport taxes in Rjieka: http://www.autotrolej.hr/
 
www.vlada.gov.hr  - Government of Croatia                                            
www.hzz.hr - Public Employment Service                            
www.mrms.hr - Ministry of Labour and Pension System
www.mspm.hr – Ministry of Social Polisy and Youth
www.porezna-uprava.hr - Taxes                                                  
www.mzos.hr - Education                                             
- Recognition of Qualifications 
 
Embassy of Republic of Bulgaria in Croatia
Address: Ul. Nike Grškovića 31, 10 000 Zagreb, Hrvatska  
Tel.: +385 1 46 46 609; +385 1 46 46 631; 385 1 46 46 640
Fax: +385 1 46 46 625
emergency number (out of working hours): +385 984 69 808
Е-mail: Този имейл адрес е защитен от спам ботове. Трябва да имате пусната JavaScript поддръжка, за да го видите.
Website: www.mfa.bg/embassies/croatia
 
Embassy of Republic of Croatia in Bulgaria
Address: 1504 Sofia, 15 Oborishte Str.
Tel: +359 2 8611 211; +359 2 8611 212; +359 2 943 32 25
Fax: +359 2 946 13 55
Working hours: 09.00 – 17.00 h.
E-mail: Този имейл адрес е защитен от спам ботове. Трябва да имате пусната JavaScript поддръжка, за да го видите.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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