Czech Republic

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GENERAL INFORMATION

Area - 78,866 km2

Population – 10,649,800

Official Language – Czech

REGISTRATION AND RESIDENCE PERMITS

If you are a citizen of an EU/EEA Member State or Switzerland and come to the Czech Republic, you have to follow the following procedures:

Registering for residence

If your stay in the territory of the Czech Republic will be more than 30 days, you must report it to the Aliens Police in the place where you are staying within 30 days of your entry into the country.

Residence permits

If you wish to stay longer than 3 months, you must apply for a residence permit at a regional office of the Ministry of the Interior (Department for Asylum and Migration Policy).

For this purpose, you will need the following documents:

Under EU regulations, the purposes of stay are as follows:

Even if you do not need a residence permit (because you wish to stay for less than 3 months) we recommend registering with the Aliens Police. Registration may be required by some institutions, particularly banks and tax authorities.

LOOKING FOR A JOB

The EURES portal allows you not only to search for jobs imported from databases of the Czech Republic Labour Office, but also to open a My EURES account. You can also visit the Czech EURES portal on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, where clicking on the different countries on the map will reveal where there are vacancies; there is also a link entitled ‘Hledáte práci v EU/EHP’ [Looking for work in the EU/EEA].

You may also visit one of the EURES advisors who can be found at the Czech Republic Labour Offices.

Czech Republic Labour Office

The Czech Republic Labour Office offers you several opportunities to improve your position in the search for new employment. The basic possibility is to browse (staff can help you with this if you wish) a database of vacancies. In addition, the Czech Republic Labour Office offers, for instance, advice on choosing a profession or retraining opportunities.

Private employment agencies

When looking for a job through an agency you should check whether the agency holds the relevant employment agency licence. You will find a list of all the licensed agencies on the portal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Most of these agencies have websites, where you can find out more about them. Employment agencies are not authorised to charge for their services.

Mass media and the internet

Web portals constitute a major source of job vacancies. Not only you can search for offers posted directly by employers or agencies, but you can often also upload your CV into the database so that it can be viewed by employers searching for workers. In most Czech national newspapers, there is a section that focuses on job vacancies. Social networks are another possible tool that can be used to search for job vacancies.

Direct contact

In certain situations, it is better to contact an employer directly, particularly if you are applying for seasonal or casual work in rural areas. Of course, you can also address other employers directly, either through their websites or their human resources departments. The overwhelming majority of employers require a knowledge of Czech.

INCOMES AND TAXATION

In the fourth quarter of 2018, nominal gross monthly earnings (taking into account the number of people working in the national economy) were CZK 33 840. (Source: Czech Statistical Office, https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/cri/prumerne-mzdy-4-ctvrtleti-2018).

Sector:

Average gross monthly earnings

 (in CZK)*:

Construction

28 053

Mining and quarrying

35 908

Education

31 939

Financial and insurance activities

54 640

Accommodation and food service activities

18 699

Administrative and support service activities

20 966

Arts, entertainment and recreation

28 113

* Average gross monthly earnings taking into account the number of people in work

Source: https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/cri/prumerne-mzdy-4-ctvrtleti-2018

Income tax

If you are liable to pay tax in the Czech Republic (e.g. on the basis of an employment contract with a Czech employer), you may, under legally stipulated circumstances, claim non-taxable amounts.

Your employer will pay a tax advance on your behalf every month. The monthly rate is 1/12 of the above amounts. As an employee, you may apply for an annual tax calculation at the beginning of the following year, or submit a tax return for the preceding year to your local tax office. Any overpaid tax will be refunded to you.

Income tax is calculated on the basis of the super-gross salary (= gross salary of the employee + social and health insurance contributions paid by the employer). The unified tax rate for 2019 is set at 15% for all natural persons.

Contributions for health and social insurance from gross pay

The employee pays

The employer pays 9% and 25% of the amount of gross salaries for health insurance and social security respectively for all its employees.

Value added tax

The basic rate for 2019 is 21%, but some goods and services are subject to reduced rates of 15% (e.g. food, accommodation services) and 10% (applicable only to goods listed in the relevant annex to the VAT Act. These include, for example, infant formulas and children's foods, radio-pharmaceuticals, vaccines, medicines and certain other medical devices, books and sheet music, and foodstuffs for the manufacture of gluten-free foods).

Excise duty

Excise duty applies to propellants, fuels, spirits, beer, cigarettes and wine and is payable by the importer or manufacturer. Small quantities of these goods may be imported for personal consumption – see section 2.1. Movement of goods and capital.

Other taxes that may be payable under specific circumstances include road tax, real estate transfer tax, real estate tax and environmental taxes.

Text last edited on: 07/2019

COST OF LIVING

The Czechs spend the dominant part (about one fourth) of their income on food, non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages and tobacco. Another important item is housing costs, which are comparable with the rest of the EU and represent about 18% of overall expenditure. Approximately 16% of income is spent on culture and leisure time. Substantial sums (14% of income) are also spent on transport and telecommunications.

Prices of the most common goods and services:

Bread: CZK 30

Milk (1 l): CZK 15

Eggs (10pcs): CZK 35

Bottled mineral water (1.5 l): CZK 15

Sugar (1 kg): CZK 10

Potatoes (1 kg): CZK 15

Tomatoes (1 kg): CZK 35

Frozen chicken (1 kg): CZK 100

Big Mac: CZK 75

Pizza Margherita (at a restaurant): CZK 130

Steak (at a restaurant): CZK 300

Refuse bags: CZK 20

Microwave oven: CZK 1000

Ladies’ sweater: CZK 300 - 1000

Socks: CZK 50

Electricity (in average household): CZK 2000

Petrol (unleaded 95): CZK 33

Bank account - free of charge or charged: CZK 100

The exchange rate with the euro is CZK 25 to CZK 26.

Text last edited on: 07/2019

EDUCATION SYSTEM

The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MŠMT) is the central state administration authority responsible for preschool facilities, primary and secondary schools and universities.

The education system in the Czech Republic has a long tradition dating back to 1774, when compulsory schooling was introduced. Today, the Czech Republic has all types of education, beginning with preschool, through to primary, secondary, university, postgraduate and continuous education.

Preschool facilities

Kindergartens are part of the school system and are designed for children from 3 to 6 years of age. At most kindergartens schooling is free. Parents contribute to the running costs. There is a huge range of both publicly run and private kindergartens in the Czech Republic. Preschool education is compulsory for a child of up to five years by the beginning of the school year. This obligation was introduced in the school year 2017/2018.

Primary schools

Compulsory education lasts for 9 years, normally from the age of 6 to 15. In most cases it is provided by primary schools. Even though there are defined catchment areas, there is no restriction on the choice of school.

Primary school has nine grades, divided into the lower level with the first five years and the higher level with four years. The school year begins on 1 September and ends on 31 August of the following year. Pupils are assessed on the basis of written and oral examinations and given marks ranging from 1 to 5. Continuous assessment is summarised in the report issued at the end of each six-month period. Lessons last 45 minutes. Children may complete their compulsory schooling in a eight-year or six-year study programme at a grammar school. 

Disabled children can be integrated into regular classes or taught in special primary school classes. They can also attend special schools.

Secondary schools

Grammar schools provide complete general secondary education. They prepare students for post-secondary education. They have four-year, six-year and eight-year programmes. At the end of their studies students take a school-leaving examination.

Secondary vocational schools provide complete vocational secondary education, studies last for 4 or 5 years and at the end of their studies students take a vocational examination.

Secondary technical schools usually offer three-year apprenticeship courses, which end with a school leaving examination and the award of a certificate of apprenticeship. They prepare students for skilled worker occupations.

Conservatoires provide specific secondary education and prepare students for teaching and artistic professions. Study programmes last for six to eight years. At the end of their studies students take a school-leaving examination or prepare a graduation performance.

Higher technical colleges

These provide necessary technical education and practical preparation necessary for technical jobs. There are two-year and three-year programmes. At the end of their studies students take a theoretical or practical leaving examination.

Universities

Universities provide Bachelor’s degree (undergraduate) programmes, Master’s programmes (graduate) and postgraduate studies. Programmes in technical and economic fields lead to an ‘engineering’ (‘Ing’) degree.

Public post-secondary institutions are divided to universities and ‘vysoké školy‘ (literally: ‘high schools’).

Universities, which represent the predominant form of public higher education, also have to engage in research, scientific and development activities, as well as teaching.

Studies conducted in Czech at public and state-owned universities are free of charge.

In addition to the public universities, there are also private universities in the Czech Republic. Like departments at public universities, accreditation from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports is required for the establishment of a private university.

Continuing adult education

Adult education and professional training is provided by schools, employers and private educational institutions, and through retraining programmes organised by labour offices.

RECOGNITION OF DIPLOMAS AND QUALIFICATIONS

The importance of transparency and mutual recognition of diplomas as a crucial complement to the free movement of workers

The possibility of obtaining recognition of one’s qualifications and competences can play a vital role in the decision to take up work in another EU country. It is therefore necessary to develop a European system that will guarantee the mutual acceptance of professional competences in different Member States. Only such a system will ensure that a lack of recognition of professional qualifications will become an obstacle to workers’ mobility within the EU.

Main principles for the recognition of professional qualifications in the EU

As a basic principle, any EU citizen should be able to freely practice their profession in any Member State. Unfortunately the practical implementation of this principle is often hindered by national requirements for access to certain professions in the host country.

For the purpose of overcoming these differences, the EU has set up a system for the recognition of professional qualifications. Within the terms of this system, a distinction is made between regulated professions (professions for which certain qualifications are legally required) and professions that are not legally regulated in the host Member State.

Steps towards a transparency of qualifications in Europe

The European Union has taken important steps towards the objective of achieving transparency of qualifications in Europe:

Going beyond the differences in education and training systems throughout the EU

Education and training systems in the EU Member States still show substantial differences. The last enlargements of the EU, with different educational traditions, have further increased this diversity. This calls for a need to set up common rules to guarantee recognition of competences.

In order to overcome this diversity of national qualification standards, educational methods and training structures, the European Commission has put forward a series of instruments, aimed at ensuring better transparency and recognition of qualifications both for academic and professional purposes.

  1. The European Qualifications Framework

The European Qualifications Framework is a key priority for the European Commission in the process of recognition of professional competences. The main objective of the framework is to create links between the different national qualification systems and guarantee a smooth transfer and recognition of diplomas.

  1. The National Academic Recognition Information Centres (NARICs)

A network of National Academic Recognition Information Centres was established in 1984 at the initiative of the European Commission. The NARICs provide advice on the academic recognition of periods of study abroad. Located in all EU Member States as well as in the countries of the European Economic Area, NARICs play a vital role the process of recognition of qualifications in the EU.

  1. The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)

The European Credit Transfer System aims at facilitating the recognition of periods of study abroad. Introduced in 1989, it functions by describing an education programme and attaching credits to its components. It is a key complement to the highly acclaimed student mobility programme Erasmus.

  1. Europass

Europass is an instrument for ensuring the transparency of professional skills. It is composed of five standardised documents

The Europass system makes skills and qualifications clearly and easily understood in the different parts of Europe. In every country of the European Union and the European Economic Area, national Europass centres have been established as the primary contact points for people seeking for information about the Europass system.

USEFUL LINKS

http://www.domavcr.cz - Practical information about Czech Republic

http://www.mvcr.cz/policie/cizinecka.html - Police

http://portal.mpsv.cz/eures - EURES national webiste in Czech Republic

http://portal.mpsv.cz/sz/obcane/zpr_prace - Check of the documents of agencies, www.jobs.cz, www.prace.cz - looking for a job

http://www.cssz.cz - Social Security, www.cmu.cz - Centre for international payments

http://portal.gov.cz - Portal of the Public Administration, http://business.center.cz/business/finance/dane - Taxes

http://www.mfcr.cz - Ministry of Finance

http://www.czech.cz - Official Website of the Czech Republic

http://byty.hyperinzerce.cz, http://reality.avizo.cz - Real Estate Agencies

http://www.msmt.cz - Ministry of Education

http://www.nuov.cz - National Institute for Vocational Training

http://www.uiv.cz - Institute for Information in the Field of Education

http://www.edu.cz - School Education Portal

http://www.suip.cz/bulgarian-documents - Brochure in Bulgarian about Labour Law

https://portal.mpsv.cz/eures/kontakt - List with EURES advisers in Czech Republic